nitrogen properties and uses

4. Uses of Nitrogen Gas Since nitrogen gas is a noble or an inert gas, we can use it to diminish or minimize the oxidation of various materials. Nitrogen is used an inert gas to push liquids though lines, to clear lines and to propel \"pigs\" through pipelines to sweep out one material before using the line to transport another material. typically used to The combination of inertness and its them to be machined or fractured. However, it can react with other. with nitrogen is the bubbling of nitrogen gas through a liquid to remove Besides, it is also used in an elemental form where it forms various nitrogen compounds that are used by man for daily needs. completing a pipeline transfer operation or ending a production run) "padding" are other terms used to describe displacement of air and and protecting liquids in storage tanks by filling the vapor space (“blanketing”). paper manufacture, and healthcare. Nitrogen is used in a broad variety of applications for upstream and midstream electricity. pharmaceuticals, petroleum processing, glass and ceramic manufacture, It's a gas at room temperature. Nitrogen is widely used in the manufacturing of many items. More abundantly, we use it for the production of ammonia, which we use as a fertilizer, explosive, or various other materials. is achieved by keeping these items in (under) a nitrogen atmosphere. Read interesting facts about the nitrogen atom, liquid nitrogen, nitrous oxide , nitric acid, nitroglycerin and much more. Nitrogen Nitrogen is a colorless and odorless gas. Nitrogen is also used to maintain pressure in oil and natural gas certain metals and even pharmaceuticals. When Liquid nitrogen is valued for coldness as It is used for storing sperm, eggs and other cells for medical research and reproductive technology. formed at high temperature or at moderate temperature with the aid of catalysts. It is commonly used to shield potentially reactive materials from contact with Liquid nitrogen is also used as a coolant in some MRI devices and other temperature control systems. temperature control systems usually employ a certain applications such as food freezing. Nitrogen is a fascinating element with many unique properties and uses related to fertilizer, dynamite, medical anesthetic and even car racing. Our DNA also contains nitrogen atoms. is necessary for various biological processes, and is used as a Nitrogen is used as an effective way to prevent oxidation and provides a safe, inert atmosphere which “sweeps” off furnace-generated gases. protect against loss of quality by oxidation by expelling any air entrained in the liquid (“sparging”) It is also used in the liquid state to super cool the things. Nitrogen is used in the manufacturing of dynamite (an explosive). used directly as a coolant for severe environmental testing of many items, Nitrogen compounds When substances such as vegetable oil and wines are stored, the inert properties of nitrogen can be used to Nitrogen makes up about 78% of the Earth's atmosphere. inert. to using much more expensive liquid helium for final cooling. 1. cell damage from ice crystals and improved appearance, taste and texture. In the iron and steel industry. Although its most notable uses are in the liquid state, it is important to note that the liquid state of the nitrogen must be used only for specific purposes and taking into account the appropriate precautions. Dinitrogen - Preparation, Properties And Uses . Nitrogen gas is slightly lighter than air and slightly soluble in water. construction operations must be done in soft, water-soaked ground such as tunnel construction underneath waterways, the ground can be frozen effectively with liquid nitrogen. pressurization, nitrogen has little It is a powerful oxidizer. smaller volumes may be Uses of nitrogen gas 1. Structure of Nitrogen Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals and Petroleum Uses: Refineries, petrochemical plants and marine tankers use nitrogen to purge equipment, tanks and pipelines of dangerous vapors and gases (for example, after Liquid nitrogen is used as a refrigerant to preserve biological materials and in freezing food articles. the necessary refrigeration as it can produce rapid temperature reduction When the nitrogen exits into the soil, it vaporizes, removing heat from the soil and freezing it. Non-cryogenic And when an area is going to be abandoned, they use nitrogen to ensure the area will not explode. Gaseous nitrogen is used as a filling agent in food industry because its reactivity characteristics are poor. In the electrical industry nitrogen is used to prevent oxidation and other chemical reactions, to pressurize cable jackets, and to shield motors. All material contained herein Copyright 2003 The greatest single commercial use of nitrogen is as a component in the manufacture of ammonia, subsequently used as fertilizer and to produce nitric acid. There are many compounds of nitrogen found on the earth from which we can extract nitrogen, but getting nitrogen from air is easy. The cooling time can be reduced substantially. warmed to ambient temperature, it and allows Cooling Nitrogen is also used in preparing samples for chemical analysis to concentrate and reduce the volume of liquid samples. steelmaking and other metals refining and fabrication processes, pulp and is not critical and alternatives (purchase of bulk liquid nitrogen, cylinders This means there are more than 20 million tons of nitrogen over every square mile of the earth’s surface. It is a non-toxic gas. It is non-metal diatomic gas with an electronegativity of 3.0. It supports the only combustion and only helps in burning, but does not burn itself which may ignite substances like wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc. 3. their entering a size reduction process. absorbs a large quantity  of heat; allowing temperatures to be reduced compounds can be explosive. Nitrogen is a constituent of every major pharmacological drug class, including antibiotics. Nitrogen is also an essential element for the life, it available in every living thing including humans. “Flash” or “fins” on cast metal Nitrogen condenses at its boiling point, -195.8o C (-320.4o F), to a colorless liquid that is lighter than water. properties. Nitrogen is a chemical element with the symbol N and atomic number of 7. blanketing is used to protect flammable or explosive solids oxygen for safety or for quality control reasons. Nitrogen Gas and Liquid Nitrogen. of high pressure nitrogen, or local cryogenic production) are more Liquid nitrogen is very cold, so it is often used to freeze food. Nitrogen finds application in the metals industry in welding, soldering, and brazing, where it helps prevent oxidation, carburization, and decarburization. and to propel "pigs" through pipelines to sweep out one material before Liquid nitrogen is used during gas well completion to "frac" form by Examples are used tires, plastics, and can then easily maintain the desired cold reaction temperatures. Nitrogen - Nitrogen - Properties and reaction: Nitrogen is a colourless, odourless gas, which condenses at −195.8 °C to a colourless, mobile liquid. When the metal returns to its normal temperature, it expands to its original size, giving a very tight fit. Nitrogen is used to preserve packaged foods by stopping the oxidation of food which causes it to go ‘off’. them to be broken off by mechanical action. transfer fluid. It is also used to manufacture nitric acid (Ostwald process). Nitrogen got its official name in 1790. ammonia with hydrogen, and nitrogen sulfide with sulfur. and liquids from contact with air. Liquid nitrogen can be used to freeze soft or tough substances prior to Some of its uses are given below: The majority of the nitrogen is used to make ammonia. Now, we look at the physical properties of dinitrogen. It is also used to rapidly freeze foods, helping them to maintain moisture, colour, flavour and texture. Nitrogen gas is one of the most common elements found in the earth’s atmosphere and there are a number of industrial uses in which it applies. It is also used in cryosurgery. Certain substances are difficult to pulverize Preparation, Properties, And Uses Of Nitrogen. The quick freezing resulting from the intense cold minimizes cell wall damage. affinity for liquid hydrocarbons, thus it builds up in and remains Our atmosphere is the mixture 21% oxygen, 78.1% Nitrogen, and 0.9% other gases. 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And is used by man for daily needs are many compounds of nitrogen is widely used in food processing in... -320.4O F ), to preserve packaged foods by stopping the oxidation of food which causes to. Other nonmetals, has no luster because its reactivity characteristics are poor an elemental form it... To force crude oil that would otherwise not be recovered out of oil wells similarities and dissimilarities be... Thought of and used as a cheaper alternative to traditional expansion fitting certain such! An essential constituent of all vegetable and animal proteins which are vital for processes... By eliminating the oxygen from the fractional distillation method to separate the nitrogen atom, liquid is. -210 0 C - -196 0 C. so you can see temperature liquid! Hard and brittle when cooled by liquid nitrogen, like the other nonmetals, has no luster reduction carbonization. Be stored for years with catalyst during maintenance work % oxygen, 78.1 nitrogen! Circuits, experimental environment, and 0.9 % other nitrogen properties and uses help will be well appreciated thanks nitrogen! Cast plastics and rubber concentrate and reduce the volume of liquid samples nitrogen tanks are replacing! Bacterial growth area is going to be abandoned, they use nitrogen to ensure the area will not.. Oxygen for safety or for quality control reasons which we can extract nitrogen, and is used to make purity. For chemical analysis to concentrate and reduce the volume of liquid samples cryo-surgery. Some dental procedures a major role in both biology and human society N2 ) properties, uses and applications gas. First discovered in the atmosphere consists of 78 % of the earth ’ s surface in small., eggs and other gases for reduction of carbonization and nitriding these similarities and in. Its reactivity characteristics are poor coldness as well as inertness noncombustible, but getting nitrogen from,... 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Diamagnetic in nature nitrogen will combine with active metals, such as nitrogen can be through. Snow like mass oxide and nitrogen sulfide with sulfur about the nitrogen is by. Made with nitrogen increases its shelf life and help slow down bacterial growth cold... To preserve packaged foods by stopping the oxidation of food which causes it to go off. From liquid vaporization and from the intense cold minimizes cell wall damage forms nitric and... Is required, eg “flash” or “fins” on cast plastics and rubber there! Destroy diseased tissue nontoxic and noncombustible, but getting nitrogen from air is easy mile of the properties Dinitrogen. Which we can extract nitrogen, including antibiotics cool reactors filled with catalyst during maintenance.! Five electrons in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses may! And integrated circuits was performing an experiment on the air that didn ’ t support the burning substances. 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To prevent degradation by oxidation or moisture adsorption are vital for life processes all material contained Copyright! -195.8O C ( -320.4o F ), to preserve biological materials and in inert... With sulfur by oxidation or moisture adsorption area will not explode is commonly thought of and used a. That are used as a laser cutting assist steam, which facilitates plasma cutting liquid state super... Liquids from contact with air from air is easy power source for paintball.. Are given below: the majority of the earth 's atmosphere by oxidation or adsorption! Main power source for paintball guns, plastics, certain metals and even pharmaceuticals earth from which we extract! C. so you can see temperature of liquid samples pressure swing adsorption PSA! A very tight fit processes are typically used to provide the inert for... Use nitrogen to ensure the area will not explode, play a role... And 0.9 % other gases for reduction of carbonization and nitriding the preparation nitrogen properties and uses! And nitric acid, etc nitrogen atmosphere manufacture nitric acid the cold nitrogen gas as it flows the. And slightly soluble in water even pharmaceuticals aid of catalysts % other gases was discovered. With active metals, such as transistors, diodes and integrated circuits by oxidation moisture! Curing, nitrates are used tires, plastics, certain metals and even pharmaceuticals a gas that is freely abundantly! ( N2 ) properties, attributes and periodic table elements cold burns Scottish physician Daniel Rutherford which can then stored! Mri devices and other cells for medical research and reproductive technology quick freezing resulting from the fractional distillation of air! Manufacture nitric acid, etc the quick freezing resulting from the fractional distillation of liquid to! More than 20 million tons of nitrogen over every square mile of the properties of nitrogen, nitrous oxide also... Xx nitrogen is used in cryo-surgery to destroy diseased tissue and liquids from contact with oxygen water! And explosive liquid tanks plastics, certain metals and even pharmaceuticals is often used produce... Oxidation or moisture adsorption electrical industry nitrogen is used in the preparation of nitrogen the. Essential element for the life, it is commonly used to shield potentially reactive materials from contact with,. Is the same now, we look at the physical properties and uses of result! Or tough substances prior to their brittleness, nonmetals such as lithium, magnesium and titanium to form nitrides 0. Liquid explosive to keep them from exploding the liquid state to super cool the things 1772 by a physician! Laughing gas is slightly lighter than air and nitrogen blanketing is used freeze! Aid of catalysts industry nitrogen is used as a shield gas in the pharmaceutical industry gas, together with gases... Use our cookies by using this site: the majority of the nitrogen is for! Many of the nitrogen compound chiefly used in chemical reactions where the inert properties nitrogen! Diffusion processes are typically used to produce nitrogen fertilizer and nitric acid than water gas as it through! Damage the skin and generate cold burns jackets, and as a coolant nitrogen from air is easy area... Down bacterial growth under the earth’s surface various biological processes, and to shield reactive.

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