platinum latin name

[51], In 1735, Antonio de Ulloa and Jorge Juan y Santacilia saw Native Americans mining platinum while the Spaniards were travelling through Colombia and Peru for eight years. Platinum definition: Platinum is a very valuable , silvery-grey metal. Scientists have adopted certain conventions regarding the chemical symbols for various elements. [29], Large platinum deposits are present in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. 190Pt and 198Pt are predicted to have energetically favorable double beta decay paths. Another large alluvial deposit is in the Ural Mountains, Russia, and it is still mined. [70], Platinum is a precious metal commodity; its bullion has the ISO currency code of XPT. See also the related categories, english and metal. Platinum in all languages . Platinum is often found chemically uncombined as native platinum and as alloy with the other platinum-group metals and iron mostly. "Platinum" debit and credit cards have greater privileges than "gold" cards. Because platinum has a higher melting point than most other substances, many impurities can be burned or melted away without melting the platinum. What are the Latin Names of Chemical Elements? PtAs2), and as end alloys with nickel or copper. An atom of an element is denoted by this symbol. Of the naturally occurring isotopes, only 190Pt is unstable, though it decays with a half-life of 6.5×1011 years, causing an activity of 15 Bq/kg of natural platinum. Heating this ammonium salt in the presence of hydrogen reduces it to elemental platinum. PtBiTe), antimonides (PdSb), and arsenides (e.g. [75], 1,000 cubic centimeters of 99.9% pure platinum, worth about US$696,000 at 29 Jun 2016 prices[76], Average price of platinum from 1992 to 2012 in US$ per troy ounce[77], In the laboratory, platinum wire is used for electrodes; platinum pans and supports are used in thermogravimetric analysis because of the stringent requirements of chemical inertness upon heating to high temperatures (~1000 °C). When did organ music become associated with baseball? Platinum finds use in jewellery, usually as a 90–95% alloy, due to its inertness. About. An atom of an element is denoted by this symbol. Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in English. Dichloro(cycloocta-1,5-diene)platinum(II) is a commercially available olefin complex, which contains easily displaceable cod ligands ("cod" being an abbreviation of 1,5-cyclooctadiene). Because of its scarcity in Earth's crust, only a few hundred tonnes are produced annually, and given its important uses, it is highly valuable and is a major precious metal commodity.[5]. Gold prices are more stable in slow economic times, as gold is considered a safe haven. The alluvial deposits used by pre-Columbian people in the Chocó Department, Colombia are still a source for platinum-group metals. In the Sudbury Basin, the huge quantities of nickel ore processed make up for the fact platinum is present as only 0.5 ppm in the ore. Potassium hexachloroplatinate is similarly insoluble, and hexachloroplatinic acid has been used in the determination of potassium ions by gravimetry. Platinum is one of the least reactive metals. Franz Karl Achard made the first platinum crucible in 1784. It is not in the top 1000 names. Scientists have adopted certain conventions regarding the chemical symbols for various elements. Forms of Platinum include the names Platea, Platee, Platey, Plati, Platie, Platnum, Platy, and Platynum. Finally, platinum is resistant to hydrochloric and sulfuric acids, whereas other substances are readily attacked by them. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver". The frame of the Crown of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, manufactured for her coronation as Consort of King George VI, is made of platinum. We hope this will help you to understand Latin better. “Trinity” is derived from the Latin word “trinitas” (“a … The metal looks like silver, and the Spaniards at first thought it an inferior sort of silver, hence the name platina. Latin Translation. It is one of the rarer elements in Earth's crust, with an average abundance of approximately 5 μg/kg. In the US, Cisplatin (cisplatin systemic) is a member of the drug class alkylating agents and is used to treat Anal Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Blood Cell Transplantation, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Brain Tumor, Cervical Cancer, Neuroblastoma, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Osteogenic Sarcoma, Ovarian Cancer and Testicular Cancer. “Over the last 50 years black Americans have mostly voted democrat, but every day more black Americans are deciding that the old way is not working,” Trump said, noting that his opponent, former Vice President Joe Biden, was … Log In. 198Pt can undergo alpha decay, but its decay has never been observed (the half-life is known to be longer than 3.2×1014 years); therefore, it is considered stable. [52], Because the other platinum-family members were not discovered yet (platinum was the first in the list), Scheffer and Sickingen made the false assumption that due to its hardness—which is slightly more than for pure iron—platinum would be a relatively non-pliable material, even brittle at times, when in fact its ductility and malleability are close to that of gold. [62], Of the 218 tonnes of platinum sold in 2014, 98 tonnes were used for vehicle emissions control devices (45%), 74.7 tonnes for jewelry (34%), 20.0 tonnes for chemical production and petroleum refining (9.2%), and 5.85 tonnes for electrical applications such as hard disk drives (2.7%). metallic element, 1812, Modern Latin, altered from earlier platina, from Spanish platina "platinum," diminutive of plata "silver," from Old French plate or Old Provençal plata "sheet of metal" (see plate (n.)). How to Say Platinum in Different Languages. Chabaneau succeeded in removing various impurities from the ore, including gold, mercury, lead, copper, and iron. PLATINUM Adulte Ibérico+Légumes est un aliment COMPLET préparé avec 70% de viande fraîche de porc Ibérique. The Latin name for the office of the consul was "consulatus".The Latin name for the two prime leaders or consuls was "consul". The +1 and +3 oxidation states are less common, and are often stabilized by metal bonding in bimetallic (or polymetallic) species. In 1741, Charles Wood,[53] a British metallurgist, found various samples of Colombian platinum in Jamaica, which he sent to William Brownrigg for further investigation. Platinum is used in catalytic converters, laboratory equipment, electrical contacts and electrodes, platinum resistance thermometers, dentistry equipment, and jewelry. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? inum Would you like to know how to translate platinum to Latin? [46][47], The metal was used by pre-Columbian Americans near modern-day Esmeraldas, Ecuador to produce artifacts of a white gold-platinum alloy. Its most important application is in automobiles as a catalytic converter, which allows the complete combustion of low concentrations of unburned hydrocarbons from the exhaust into carbon dioxide and water vapor. 8, 50 (1964)", "Seventy-fifth Anniversary of the Discovery of the Platiniferous Merensky Reef", 10.1002/0471238961.1612012019052513.a01.pub2, "Evidence of huge deposits of platinum in State", "Identification of meteoritic components in imactites", "Effects of relativistic motion of electrons on the chemistry of gold and platinum", "Synthetic metallomolecules as agents for the control of DNA structure", "Sur les métaux égyptiens: Présence du platine parmi les caractères d'inscriptions hiéroglyphiques, confié à mon examn", "Ancient Platinum Technology in South America: Its use by the Indians in Pre-Hispanic Times", "Several Papers concerning a New Semi-Metal, Called Platina; Communicated to the Royal Society by Mr. Wm. \ Platine. The NIST manufactured the wires from platinum bar stock with a chemical purity of 99.999% by weight). Correspondingly, platinum is found in slightly higher abundances at sites of bolide impact on Earth that are associated with resulting post-impact volcanism, and can be mined economically; the Sudbury Basin is one such example. [17], In 2007, Gerhard Ertl won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for determining the detailed molecular mechanisms of the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide over platinum (catalytic converter). Platinum hexafluoride is a strong oxidizer capable of oxidizing oxygen. Back to Top. ), the possibility that platinum could enter the body and cause adverse effects has merited study. [73], During periods of sustained economic stability and growth, the price of platinum tends to be as much as twice the price of gold, whereas during periods of economic uncertainty,[74] the price of platinum tends to decrease due to reduced industrial demand, falling below the price of gold. Log in Join now 1. After several months, Chabaneau succeeded in producing 23 kilograms of pure, malleable platinum by hammering and compressing the sponge form while white-hot. A soft, ductile, malleable, silver-white metallic element that usually occurs with osmium, iridium, palladium, or nickel. [7], As of 2021, the value of platinum is around $36.00 per gram ($1,120 per troy ounce). The symbol is the short form or abbreviated name of the element. Archeologists usually associate the tradition of platinum-working in South America with the La Tolita Culture (circa 600 BC - AD 200), but precise dates and location is difficult, as most platinum artifacts from the area were bought secondhand through the antiquities trade rather than obtained by direct archeological excavation. The resistance wire in the thermometer is made of pure platinum (e.g. [23] The rare sulfide mineral cooperite, (Pt,Pd,Ni)S, contains platinum along with palladium and nickel. It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. [68][69] In addition to laboratory uses, Platinum Resistance Thermometry (PRT) also has many industrial applications, industrial standards include ASTM E1137 and IEC 60751. platinum . | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Another word for platinum. At Platinum, Alaska, about 17,000 kg (550,000 ozt) was mined between 1927 and 1975. [42] (Side effects of cisplatin include nausea and vomiting, hair loss, tinnitus, hearing loss, and nephrotoxicity. [84][85] Chemically unbounded platinum has been identified by the FDA as a "fake cancer 'cure'". [52] From their first encounters with platinum, the Spanish generally saw the metal as a kind of impurity in gold, and it was treated as such. aurum. Although elemental platinum is generally unreactive, it dissolves in hot aqua regia to give aqueous chloroplatinic acid (H2PtCl6):[16], As a soft acid, platinum has a great affinity for sulfur, such as on dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO); numerous DMSO complexes have been reported and care should be taken in the choice of reaction solvent. Here is the translation and the Latin word for platinum: platinum Edit. Consequently, platinum is often found chemically uncombined as native platinum. What does platinum mean? This led him to believe he was working with a single metal, but in truth the ore still contained the yet-undiscovered platinum-group metals. He succeeded in making malleable platinum by alloying it with gold, dissolving the alloy in hot aqua regia, precipitating the platinum with ammonium chloride, igniting the ammonium chloroplatinate, and hammering the resulting finely divided platinum to make it cohere. This article is about the chemical element. [clarification needed] Other chemists across Europe soon began studying platinum, including Andreas Sigismund Marggraf,[55] Torbern Bergman, Jöns Jakob Berzelius, William Lewis, and Pierre Macquer. [8], Pure platinum is a lustrous, ductile, and malleable, silver-white metal. [25] In 1924, the geologist Hans Merensky discovered a large supply of platinum in the Bushveld Igneous Complex in South Africa. En savoir plus. Each element has a chemical symbol that is unique to it. Most platinum isotopes decay by some combination of beta decay and alpha decay. It has a high melting point and does not corrode in air. [30], Platinum exists in higher abundances on the Moon and in meteorites. Be ready to meet a foreign friend! Platinum is used as an alloying agent for various metal products, including fine wires, noncorrosive laboratory containers, medical instruments, dental prostheses, electrical contacts, and thermocouples. It is used for this purpose for its prestige and inherent bullion value. [40] The negative oxidation states exhibited by platinum are unusual for metallic elements, and they are attributed to the relativistic stabilization of the 6s orbitals. Watson F. R. S", Historical Statistics for Mineral and Material Commodities in the United States, "2010 Minerals Yearbook; Platinum-group metals", "Platinum Metals: A Survey of Productive Resources to industrial Uses", "2014 Minerals Yearbook; Platinum-group metals", "Guide tothe Realization of the ITS-90 - Platinum Resistance Thermometry", International Committee for Weights and Measures, "Standard Reference Material 1750:Standard Platinum Resistance Thermometers,13.8033 K to 429.7485 K", "Professional Jeweler's Magazine Archives, issue of August 2004", "The state-of-play and future of platinum drugs", "Occupational Health Guideline for Soluble Platinum Salts (as Platinum)", "CDC – NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards – Platinum", "FDA Backgrounder on Platinum in Silicone Breast Implants", "187 Fake Cancer 'Cures' Consumers Should Avoid", NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards – Platinum, "A balanced historical account of the sequence of discoveries of platinum; illustrated", "Johnson Matthey Technology Review: A free, quarterly journal of research exploring science and technology in industrial applications (formerly published as Platinum Metals Review)", "Platinum-Group Metals Statistics and Information", "International Platinum Group Metals Association", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Platinum&oldid=998655826, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2014, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 12:00. 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Gold is considered a precious metal commodity ; its bullion has the ISO currency code of XPT the web say! Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples what does platinum mean language s. A dark-red transparent crystalline compound [ 38 ] has been used in conjunction with sodium acetate synthetic! Like to know how to say platinum in 1799 in chemotherapy against certain types of cancer make. Kill cells by similar pathways to alkylating chemotherapeutic agents … platinum Adulte Ibérico+Légumes est un aliment préparé... Making jewelry, electrical contacts, and sulfur between 1927 and 1975 like that of the word in... Whitish metal nuggets and took them Home to Spain Platea, Platee, Platey, Plati, Platie,,.

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