how many 1804 silver dollars are there

There are six 1804 silver dollars in museums and nine in private hands. Unlike the original coins, these later restrikes lacked the correct edge lettering, although later examples released from the Mint bore the correct lettering. [19] Roberts was given items which were to be presented as gifts to the officials with whom he was negotiating, but described them as being of "very mean quality, and of inconsiderable value". Mint records indicate a total of 19,570 silver dollars were struck in 1804; however, researchers believe that all those coins were actually dated either 1802 or 1803 because leftover coin … Although the dollars struck in 1804 bore the date 1803, the eagles struck in that year were not antedated. In 1999, a Class I example sold for $4.14 million, then the highest price paid for any coin. [21], He also directed Moore to have two Morocco leather boxes made to house the coins. A collector subsequently acquired one example from the Mint in 1843. [76] Although Bolen added his name to the edge of the coin, other forgers created altered date coins with the intent to deceive. In response to numismatic demand, several examples were surreptitiously produced by Mint officials. Unless you are very wealthy or you purchased one of the known specimens from a reliable source, your 1804 dated dollar … [56] According to Spink, the set was offered to him by two women whom he believed were descendants of Anna Leonowens, tutor of the children of Rama IV (half-brother and heir of Rama III) and fictionalized protagonist of the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical The King and I. Though dated 1804, none were struck in that year; all were minted in the 1830s or later. [42] The coin, which is the sole known Class II specimen in existence, was struck over an 1857 Swiss shooting thaler minted for the federal shooting festival held in Bern. [44] The obverse die was defaced in 1869. However, those coins, struck from old dies as was common practice at the time, were dated 1803. [20] After the treaties were ratified in the United States, Roberts had to return to Siam and Muscat to receive approval from the representatives of those nations. [43] Coins with added lettering are known as "Class III" 1804 dollars. [76] James A. Bolen, a medallist and coin collector who created copies of valuable coins between 1862 and 1869, fabricated an 1804 dollar by altering the last digit in the date of a genuine 1803 example. He stated that one should be yellow in color, and the other crimson, and that funds could be drawn from the Treasury for the value of the boxes and coins. In a November 11, 1834, letter sent to Mint Director Samuel Moore, Secretary of State John Forsyth approved Roberts' suggestion, writing: The President [Andrew Jackson] has directed that a complete set of the coins of the United States be sent to the King of Siam, and another to the Sultan of Muscat. As many numismatists know, there isn’t “a” single type of silver dollar, but in fact many types. [61] Numismatists Lyman H. Low and William T. R. Marvin, writing for the American Journal of Numismatics in 1899, stated that "the journal confidently asserts that there is no dollar dated 1804 which was struck in that year by the U.S. [27] The proof sets meant for Cochin-China and Japan were likely included in the shipment of returned presents. For this reason, it takes a trained eye to determine the authenticity. Weren’t there thousands of silver dollars made in 1804? From their discovery by numismatists, 1804 dollars have commanded high prices. [27] All dollars struck for inclusion in the diplomatic gift sets were likely dated 1804. Why are they rare? [17][b] During his mission, he reached deals both with Said bin Sultan, the Sultan of Muscat and Oman, and the Phra Khlang of Siam (modern Thailand), an important financial minister of that nation. These are large, heavy, silver coins that run from 1798 to 1804. In the early days of the Mint, dies were saved and reused as an economic measure. Besides those 1804 dollars produced for inclusion in the diplomatic sets, the Mint struck some examples which were used to trade with collectors for pieces desired for the Mint's coin cabinet. Lately, we have experienced a sharp rise in calls from people who want to know how much their 1804 silver dollar is worth. A Genuine 1804 Dollar; A Counterfeit 1804 Dollar; With the many email inquiries we receive regarding the 1804 Dollar we thought it would be helpful to show a real one against a fake. 8 of which are the "Class I" specimens which were struck in 1834 as gifts to diplomats, these are known as the "original" 1804 silver dollars. Unfortunately, if you have one of these coins you should assume it is a counterfeit.. In 1832, commercial shipper Edmund Roberts began acting as an envoy to Asia on behalf of the United States government, with the intent of negotiating trade deals in the region. [34] Based on the slightly concave appearance of the Class III dollars, it is likely that all were given edge lettering at some point after striking; as the Castaing machine was meant to be used prior to striking, its improper use resulted in a deformation of the coin surface. The cost of silver is a meager investment when the intent is to sell for 10 - 20 times its weight. These are very common and are usually worth only the value of the metal used to make the coins. The 15 known 1804 silver dollars include eight examples of Class I, one of Class II, and six of Class III. Early on, collectors assumed that the 1804 dollars were struck in 1804, and their rarity was explained by various theories. U.S. Mint records, which could be wrong, indicate that thousands of silver dollars were struck in 1804. With regards to the 1804 silver dollar… A. [4] According to the act, the dollar, or "unit", was to "be of the value of a Spanish milled dollar as the same is now current, and to contain three hundred and seventy-one grains and four sixteenth parts of a grain of pure, or four hundred and sixteen grains of standard silver". [85][86] In 2012, Professional Coin Grading Service founder David Hall stated that counterfeit 1804 dollars had been available in Hong Kong for decades.[87]. [65] However, the edge lettering on all Class I 1804 dollars is deformed and partially obliterated, meaning that they were not struck in an open-collared coinage press as was used in 1804, but one which used a steel collar that was not introduced to the Mint until 1833. A. [38] Several were struck at the Mint in 1858. [44] The obverse coinage die used to strike the Class II and Class III 1804 dollars was deposited in safekeeping in 1860, and the reverse die was destroyed in that year. 15 are known. You are requested, therefore, to forward to the Department for that purpose, duplicate specimens of each kind now in use, whether of gold, silver, or copper. [59] Before such time, the actual year in which they were struck remained contentious among numismatists. The collection of 1804 Silver Dollars consists of three classes. [51] Interest in coin collecting and the 1804 dollars began increasing, and by 1860, the dollars saw extensive coverage by numismatists. In Saigon and other South Vietnamese cities, as well in nearby Thailand, military personnel were offered the copies by vendors who sometimes claimed that they were family heirlooms. Class I dollars were made around 1834. Woodward described the 1804 dollar as "the king of coins", a moniker which it maintains today. Edmund Roberts distributed the coins in 1834 and 1835. 1804 Mint-Made Electrotype of Unique Plain-Edge – 4 minted. "[64], According to Newman and Bressett, the manner in which the 1804 dollars were produced is proof that none were struck in 1804. It should be noted that the mintage figures above are based on all known specimens, and it is by no means impossible that there are other 1804 dollars floating around. A. [54] All fifteen extant specimens are acknowledged and studied by numismatists. [53] Numismatic historian Q. David Bowers asserts that the 1804 dollar has attracted more attention than any other coin. Counterfeits exist of the 1804 Silver Dollar, with some con artists and perpetrators of fraud trying to pass off coins as the real thing. All existing 1804's were actually made after 1834 (in 0.900 silver) and have slightly variant weights. Previous counterfeit Morgan Silver Dollars have been identified with improper weights. [26] A list of diplomatic gifts was also proposed for missions to Japan and Cochin-China (today part of Vietnam), which included two additional sets of coins. It should be noted that the mintage figures above are … [21] In this article you will find (1) A complete list of U.S. coins made of silver by denomination. [36] The fifth coin, alluded to by DuBois, is not currently accounted for, although its edge may have been lettered after its recovery in an attempt to pass it as an original. [29] Roberts died in Macau on June 12, 1836, before he could initiate contact with any other nations. Two additional sets were ordered for government officials in Japan and Cochinchina, but Roberts died in Macau before they could be delivered. [21] Later, in a letter dated December 2, 1834, Forsyth directed Moore to include "national emblems" (including an eagle and stars) on the exterior of the cases. While there is a degree of mystery behind much of what happened at the United States Mint during its first decades of operations, there is substantial evidence to suggest that all dollars recorded in the 1804 mint report were dated 1803. US Silver Dollars are popular among coin collectors and investors, and one of the rarest and most popular of them all is the 1804 Silver Draped Bust Dollar. [83] Electrotypes were also created by Mint employees, and one was used as the basis for the pantograph reproductions which appeared in Eckfeldt and DuBois' 1842 A Manual of Gold and Silver Coins of All Nations. Unless you go to the Smithsonian in Washington D.C. … [71] A Class I specimen brought $77,500 at a 1970 Stack's auction, and during a 1980 rise in coin prices, a Class III example sold for $400,000 by Bowers and Ruddy Galleries. [22] As his initial correspondence indicated that the sets were to include coins of every type then in use, Mint officials included both the silver dollar and gold eagle. Note - only 15 genuine examples of the famous 1804 dollar are thought to exist. Though dated 1804, none were struck in that year; all were minted in the 1830s or later. Numismatic historian. Officially, Roberts was a "special agent", but he was described in a later State Department document as a "Special Envoy". This is sometimes known as the "King of Coins". Are you concerned the precious metals train has left the station without you? The pieces measure 38.1 millimeters in diameter and weighed 26.73 grams. [65] They note that the Castaing machine's edging dies utilized an 'H' that was undersized in relation to the other letters, the same as those used on Draped Bust dollars throughout the regular production of those coins. . [40] In 1883, a Class III dollar was reportedly purchased in Vienna for $740, and a Class I specimen was auctioned for $1,000 in 1885 by Henry and Samuel H. The coins produced for the diplomatic mission, those struck surreptitiously without edge lettering and those with lettering are known collectively as "Class I", "Class II" and "Class III" dollars, respectively. [13] Dollar coin production ceased in March 1804, although those pieces bore the date of 1803. [49][50] The first private collector to obtain an example was Matthew A. Stickney, who acquired the coin from the Mint on May 9, 1843, by trading certain rare coins from his collection, including a unique early United States Immune Columbia coin struck in gold. Julian suggests that it could have been done to prevent angering collectors who would not have been able to acquire the 1834-dated coin for their collections; Chief Coiner Adam Eckfeldt, after consulting with Moore, mistakenly determined that 19,570 dollars bearing the date 1804 were struck in that year. [7] In 1793, President George Washington signed into law a bill which declared Spanish milled dollars legal tender, provided that they weighed no less than 415 grains (26.9 g), which meant that at the lowest weight allowed by law, the Spanish dollars would contain approximately 0.5 percent less silver than the United States dollar coins. The issue of when dollar coin mintage actually ceased was further confused by a later misreading of Patterson's 1806 annual report to Congress, which erroneously suggested that 321 were coined in 1805. [39] In 1859, James Ross Snowden unsuccessfully requested permission from the Treasury Secretary to create patterns and restrikes of rare coins for sale to collectors, and in that year, dealers began offering plain edge 1804 dollars to the public. Their high value has caused 1804 dollars to be a frequent target of counterfeiting and other methods of deception [35], During the nineteenth century, Mint employees produced unauthorized copies of medals and coins, sometimes backdated. There exist eight Class I 1804 dollars (“originals”), one Class II 1804 Dollar, and six Class III 1804 dollars (“restrikes”). From 1803 or 1804 to 1834, no silver do… Many American numismatic pieces, patterns and regular issues, are rarer than the 1804 silver dollar, with its population of 15 known specimens. [75] In 2008, a Class I example was sold by Heritage Auctions for $3,737,500, and a Class III was sold by the same firm for $2,300,000 in 2009. The Coinage Act of 1792, the legislation which provided for the establishment of the Mint of the United States (today the United States Mint), authorized coinage of multiple denominations of gold, silver and copper coins. [70] In 1960, a Class III dollar fetched $28,000 at an auction conducted by Stack's, a coin firm, and the same coin reached $36,000 at another Stack's sale in 1963. A. On the surface, the 1802 would appear to be the rarest Heraldic Eagle Reverse dollar with a reported mintage of just … .mw-parser-output .tmulti .thumbinner{display:flex;flex-direction:column}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .trow{display:flex;flex-direction:row;clear:left;flex-wrap:wrap;width:100%;box-sizing:border-box}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .tsingle{margin:1px;float:left}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .theader{clear:both;font-weight:bold;text-align:center;align-self:center;background-color:transparent;width:100%}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .thumbcaption{background-color:transparent}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .text-align-left{text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .text-align-right{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .text-align-center{text-align:center}@media all and (max-width:720px){.mw-parser-output .tmulti .thumbinner{width:100%!important;box-sizing:border-box;max-width:none!important;align-items:center}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .trow{justify-content:center}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .tsingle{float:none!important;max-width:100%!important;box-sizing:border-box;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .tsingle .thumbcaption{text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .trow>.thumbcaption{text-align:center}}, In their book The Fantastic 1804 Dollar, numismatic historians Eric P. Newman and Kenneth E. Bressett assert that a problem arose at the Mint as to how to interpret Forsyth's order. The United States Mint government authorized the production of a handful of 1804 dollars for use in special presentation proof sets that were given as diplomatic gifts overseas. The first dollar coins, known as Flowing Hair dollars, were issued by the Mint beginning in 1794. The 1804 silver dollar was called the "King of the U.S. Series" by the Chapman Brothers coin dealers as early as 1885 and to this day is known as "The King of Coins." In many cases, they less than half the weight of a true Morgan Silver Dollar. They were first created for use in special proof coin sets used as diplomatic gifts during Edmund Roberts' trips to Siam and Muscat. [66], From the time numismatists became aware of 1804 dollars, they have commanded high prices, both in relation to their face value and the numismatic value of other silver dollars. [6] However, the dollars were mandated by Spanish law to contain 90.2 percent silver, and most of the unworn examples in circulation in the United States at the time contained approximately 1.75 grains (0.113 g) more than the silver dollars authorized by the Act. As the auction results … [55], At the 1962 American Numismatic Association convention, British numismatist David B. Spink announced that he was in possession of a theretofore unknown 1804 dollar specimen. The numbers come from the United States … [4] The act went on to state that the coin would be struck in an alloy consisting of 89.2 percent silver and 10.8 percent copper. [5] The purity and weight standards outlined in the Act were based on the mean of several assays conducted on Spanish milled dollars. There are three major US silver dollar coins … [84], More modern replicas, known as "Saigon copies", were commonly offered as original at low prices to American soldiers during the Vietnam War. The finest example of the 1804 Class I silver dollar appeared at auction in 2016 and garnered a bid of more than $10 million but did not meet reserve and thus did not sell. A complete historical record is provided in Dave Bowers' book The Rare Silver Dollars Dated 1804 … They can be sold for bullion value at your nearest coin dealer (about $19.27 at current silver spot price). Silver Dollar Specimens There are 15 known specimens of the 1804 Silver Dollar in circulation. 1804 Second Reverse, Class II – Unique. [63] In 1905, he recanted his earlier assertions, stating that "no one now believes that they were coined in 1804. [72], Counterfeits and spurious reproductions of the 1804 dollar have been created since numismatists became aware of the coins' high value. [10][5] As large silver coins were a preferred method of commerce throughout the world, especially China, a considerable number of the United States dollars requested by silver depositors were exported to satisfy that demand.[9]. [79][80], In addition to altered dates, electrotypes of the 1804 dollar were created, both for the purposes of study and fraud. The controversy prompted William E. DuBois, Mint Assayer, to try, in 1860, to recall the examples of the 1804 dollar in private hands. Most of them are fakes, because genuine coins are so valuable. [45] Six specimens of the Class III dollar are known today. Another issue, the 1933 double eagle, with an auction record in … All the rest are counterfeits, and counterfeits are worth zero. [25] The dollars included the sets bore the Draped Bust design, depicting an allegorical representation of Liberty on the obverse and a heraldic eagle on the reverse. It will save you money next time you decide to sell or buy silver dollars. 1804 United States Silver Dollar The 1804 U.S. dollar is one of the most publicized rarities in the entire series of U.S. coins. By tradition, all are categorized as “Proofs.” They are certainly not business strikes. [78] All silver dollars dated between 1800 and 1803 were subject to alteration to 1804 dollars, but 1801 was the date most commonly used for that purpose. [9] At that time, silver bullion was supplied to the Mint exclusively by private depositors, who, according to the Coinage Act of 1792, had the right to have their bullion coined free of charge. It’s important to note here that numismatic researchers have … There are a few rare Draped Bust dollars dated 1804. Moore consulted the Mint records, which indicated that 19,570 dollars were struck in 1804. There are also a few varieties of these coins and only around 20 of them … There are four known types of 1804 dollars, including the following: 1804 Second Reverse, Class III – 6 minted, 1804 Mint-Made Electrotype of Unique Plain-Edge – 4 minted. [34] In total, eight specimens of this type are known today. [46] Newman and Bressett assert that they were struck at approximately the same time as the Class II dollars, and that the edges were lettered and the coins concealed by Mint employees until 1869, when one was offered to a coin collector, who rejected it as a restrike. The 1804 dollar or Bowed Liberty Dollar was a dollar coin struck by the Mint of the United States, of which fifteen specimens are currently known to exist. This page addresses counterfeit dollars between 1798 and 1804. This, however, is extremely unlikely as 1804 dollars are among the most studied coins around and after some two centuries there is every reason to believe all pieces in any active ownership would have come to light. Mint. [36] Although coin restrikes were created openly at the Philadelphia Mint from the 1830s, the practice became clandestine by the end of the 1850s. [11] This contributed to a shortage of small change in circulation, and as a result, the public became increasingly critical of the Mint. [45], Class III dollars are identical to the Class II dollar, except lettering similar to that on the Class I dollars was applied to the edge of the coins. [60] In 1867, numismatist W. Elliot Woodward acknowledged that 1804 dollars were struck as diplomatic gifts in 1834, but he also believed that others were struck in 1804. The 15 known 1804 silver dollars include eight examples of Class I, one of Class II, and six of Class III. [72], The price reached an all-time high in 1999, when the finest known specimen, graded Proof-68 by the Professional Coin Grading Service, which is believed to have been the example presented to Said bin Sultan, was auctioned by Bowers and Merena for $4,140,000. For there are few coins in the American catalogue that have … The silver dollar and gold eagle, which had been previously minted in 1804, were struck once again for the presentation set. It featured a right-profile bust of Liberty on the obverse. 1804 Second Reverse, Class III – 6 minted. There were two empty openings in the case: one the size of a, Electrotypes were created by making a wax impression of both sides of the coin, coating the impressions with, Laws of the United States Relating to the Coinage, 1892, "$1.8 Million Silver Dollar No 'Saigon Copy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1804_dollar&oldid=997983179, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Heraldic representation of an eagle holding a scroll reading ", King of Siam Presentation Specimen/Siam Specimen, Sultan of Muscat Presentation Specimen/Watters Specimen, Driefus–Rosenthal Specimen/Rosenthal Specimen, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 05:12. By most estimates, 1804 dollars, on the rare occasions they do appear at auction, are worth somewhere in the neighborhood of $2 million to $7 million depending on the individual specimen and the ever-changing conditions of the marketplace. [58], The fact that no 1804 dollars were struck in 1804 was not widely accepted by numismatists until the early twentieth century. [74] At the time of the sale, this was the highest price paid for any coin. **When we say that 19,750,000, of these coins were produced or minted in 1804 this number doesn't always match the actual circulation count for this coin. [48] In 1875, several were sold by Philadelphia coin dealer John W. (2) A list of the most valuable silver coins by denomination. There are fifteen known specimens of the 1804 Draped Bust silver dollar … By 1800, a majority of depositors requested their bullion be struck as silver dollars, which were then utilizing the Draped Bust design. Various private mints have produced replicas of the 1804 dollar … [39] At least three were offered for sale by various dealers in 1859, and coin dealer Ebenezer Locke Mason claimed that he was offered three by Theodore Eckfeldt, a Mint employee and nephew of Adam Eckfeldt (who had died in 1852). [39] He stated that three were destroyed in his presence, and one was added to the Mint's coin cabinet (of which he was curator, and which is today the National Numismatic Collection), where it remains today. Some were brought back by service personnel returning from the Vietnam War. [31][d][e] The dollars minted for the diplomatic gift sets, as well as other examples struck with the same dies, are collectively known as "Class I" 1804 dollars. What’s up? There are six 1804 silver dollars in museums and nine in private hands. The 1804 dollar or Bowed Liberty Dollar was a dollar coin struck by the Mint of the United States, of which fifteen specimens are currently known to exist. (The 1804 Dollar was struck only in proof and not until the mid-1830s.) Silver dollars, and the $1 denomination, were sparsely minted between 1804 and 1836, with the Gobrecht dollar minted at times during this 32-year period. In total, only 15 specimens are known to exist. There are only 15 genuine 1804 dollar coins known to exist. They were sometimes modified to include the current date, but that practice was not universally applied. While you may happen to be one of the few private owners of the 1804 dollar, it’s much more likely you in fact own one of the countless 1804 replica coins. The bulk of the mintage was variously rumored to have been paid to Barbary pirates as ransom, lost at sea en route to China, and melted before leaving the Philadelphia Mint. Instead of being worth millions of dollars these coins … They were first created for use in special proof coin sets used as diplomatic gifts during Edmund Roberts' trips to Siam and Muscat. [30] It is unknown why that date was chosen for the dollars, but numismatic historian R.W. "[15] Though none had been struck for over two years, Secretary of State James Madison officially suspended silver dollar coinage on May 1, 1806, addressing a letter to Patterson: Sir: In Consequence of a representation from the director of the Bank of the United States that considerable purchases have been made of dollars coined at the mint for the purpose of exporting them, and as it is probable further purchases and exportations will be made the President directs that all the silver to be coined at the mint shall be of small denominations, so that the value of the largest pieces shall not exceed half a dollar.[16]. [28] He delivered the next set to King Rama III of Siam the following year, on April 6. [81][g] One such coin in the collection of the San Francisco Mint was described by them as genuine from 1887 to 1927. The set consisted of a half cent, cent, dime, quarter, half dollar, dollar, quarter eagle, half eagle and eagle. [72][73] A Class I example reached $990,000 at a Superior Galleries auction in 1990, and an example once owned by coin collector Louis Eliasberg became the first 1804 dollar to surpass $1 million at auction, selling for $1,815,000 at a sale conducted by Bowers and Merena, Inc., in 1997. [19] In addition to several other items, he requested a set of coins as an appropriate offering to Said bin Sultan: I am rather at a loss to know what articles will be most acceptable to the Sultan, but I suppose a complete set of new gold & silver & copper coins of the U.S. neatly arranged in a morocco case & then to have an outward covering would be proper to send not only to the sultan, but to other Asiatics.[21]. There is 1 "class II" specimen, struck over a … [56] The coin was housed in a yellow leather case embossed with an eagle and other ornamentation, conforming to the description of that made for the King of Siam. [12] Mint Director Elias Boudinot began encouraging depositors to accept fractional coins, and the production of dollars began to decrease in relation to the smaller coins. If you already have a Morgan Silver Dollar … [8][9] As a result, the United States silver dollars and unworn Spanish dollars were largely forced out of circulation in accordance with Gresham's law; the lighter Spanish dollars were shipped in quantity for circulation in the United States, while the heavier pieces would be turned in to the Philadelphia Mint to be recoined into United States coinage to take advantage of the discrepancy in weight. Q. I’ve got an 1804 silver dollar – where do I sell it? [65] Additionally, many 1804 dollars were struck in proof finish, a technique which was first employed at the Mint in 1817. There is a degree of mystery on exactly when these 1804 silver dollars were minted, though by most accounts numismatists believe it was around 1834 or 1835 that these special presentation pieces were struck. The 1804 class I or “original” draped bust silver dollars are widely known as the “King of American Coins”, and with good reason. Further, the well-documented striking of the 1804 dollars for the presentation sets in the mid 1830s, plus the restrikes that were made for collectors soon after, justify the existence of only 19 of these scarce dollar coins. [27], Roberts delivered the first set of coins to Said bin Sultan on October 1, 1835. [56][f] As all of the coins in the set were dated 1834 with the exception of the dollar and eagle, it provided the first definitive proof that an 1804 dollar was included in the diplomatic presentation sets. The first US dollar coin with a $1 (USD) face value was the 1804 silver dollar. On June 30, Edmund P. Kennedy, commodore of the diplomatic fleet, wrote to the State Department that he had "directed that the presents [which remained ungifted due to Roberts’ death] be forwarded to the United States". See how many Draped Bust dollar coins were made and what they're … Rama III, the King of Siam, received the second set of coins distributed by Roberts. [47] However, numismatist S. Hudson Chapman believed that some Class III dollars were struck as late as 1876.

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